LANSING—Sen. Darwin Booher introduced legislation on Tuesday to help combat Michigan’s feral swine problem. The Pork Industry Governance Standards (PIGS) would establish mandatory tagging, testing and fencing requirements, as well as adopt penalties for violations.
“Recent reports from state agencies and agricultural interest groups have focused on the potential for feral swine to spread disease and damage the landscape,” said Booher, R-Evart. “Any pig that escapes from its owner is feral and can threaten the agricultural industry as well as our natural resources. Constituents of mine have suggested the proper way to address this problem is to require that all pigs in Michigan be tagged, so when a pig escapes, it can be tracked back to the owner. That is exactly what this package seeks to accomplish to bring some common sense solutions to the alleged feral pig problem.”
Booher’s measure, Senate Bill 1247, would require every pig in Michigan to be tagged. A companion bill sponsored by Sen. Howard Walker, R-Traverse City, would make allowing a pig to escape a misdemeanor punishable by 90 days in jail or a $500 fine. SB 1249 would also create a fine of $500 for each escaped hog.
“Pigs that escape from their owners, and become feral, can become dangerous as they run wild,” Booher said. “State officials believe that feral hogs are now in 75 of Michigan’s 83 counties. If that is true, we need to move swiftly to address this growing issue.”
SB 1248 would require five-foot-tall high-tensile fences for all pigs raised outside of an enclosed building; and SB 1250 would require that if a feral hog tests positive for PRV or brucellosis, the herd where it escaped from would need to be tested.
“When facing an issue like feral hogs, there are reasonable approaches designed to address and correct the problem and irrational ones that do nothing more than try to take away private property,” Booher said. “Developing regulations to ensure all hogs stay on the farm where they are supposed to be is a reasonable approach to help protect our agricultural industry and natural resources.”
Michigan has more than 2,900 hog farms located in nearly every county across the state.
In 2009, a Muskegon-area resident shot a Hampshire feral hog that measured more than six feet long and weighed 514 pounds after it chased his wife and dog into the house. He then shot three other smaller Hampshire feral hogs. In Saginaw County, a several-hundred-pound Yorkshire feral hog charged at a sheriff deputy after rooting in a homeowner’s yard in 2011.
“Regulations must include tagging, fencing standards, disease testing and penalties to hold the owner responsible for an escaped pig,” Booher said. “Most farms in Michigan have appropriate fencing and have never had an animal escape, but like everything else, there are those that don’t and we need to get them cleaned up.”
Booher noted that under state law, any hunter with a valid Michigan hunting license can shoot feral swine on sight while hunting. Private property owners may shoot any feral swine on their property and do not need to be in possession of a hunting license.